Raktim Singh

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Introduction to Cyborgs: Merging Humanity with Technology

Cyborgs are humans with both biological and artificial parts and by this, Cyborgs can
manage to be better versions of the pure human.
Many a times, we had heard stories of someone losing his arm or leg due to accident.
In some other cases, elder person, or person with some form of disability need assistance.
Now technology can play a good role here. We can provide prosthetic limb, arm, or leg to those persons.

These artificial leg or arm will behave, move as per the wish of that person.

Though many of us conjure the image of Frankenstein, we need to look at the other side of technology.

In fact, today also, many of us wear smart eye lens, take help of hearing devices, or use heart pacemakers.

In all those cases, technology is helping human in augmenting the capability, wherever needed.

Key points related to Cyborgs :

a. Augmented Abilities: Cyborgs possess enhanced capabilities beyond human
limitations, such as improved vision, increased strength, or direct access to information through technological enhancements.

b. Blurring Boundaries: Cyborgs challenge the conventional notions of what it means to
be human, as they integrate with technology to create a new form of existence that merges
biological and artificial elements.
c. Ethical Considerations: The rise of cyborg technology raises thought-provoking
questions about identity, privacy, and the impact of human-machine integration on
society, leading to discussions on the ethics and potential consequences of this transformative field.

What are Cyborgs:

Cyborgs are beings that combine both biological and technological elements, blurring
the lines between humans and machines.

Through the integration of technology with the human body, cyborgs gain augmented
capabilities and redefine the possibilities of human potential in an ever-evolving technological landscape.

One can think of various human body parts, which can be augmented with technology.
For example, brain implants could improve our memory.
Implanted magnets or RFID chips implanted in our fingers can help one to unlock a
door or login into a website (without giving the password).
On similar lines, Exoskeletons could boost our strength, and augment a whole range of
our human capabilities.
Cyborg technology can replace missing limbs, organs, and bodily senses like
touch, vision etc.

History of Cyborgs:

The concept of cyborgs traces its origins back to the early 1960s when the term was
coined by Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline to describe the potential of enhancing human performance through technological augmentation.

Over the years, significant milestones have been achieved in the field, including the
development of prosthetic limbs, neural interfaces, and wearable devices. Researchers,
scientists, and companies have contributed to the advancements in cyborg technology.

Cyborgs in real life

Neil Harbisson is a Guinness World Records holder as the world’s first cyborg.
He had a sensor implanted in his head in 2003 which allows him to ‘hear
color’ by detecting the color frequency in front of him, translating it into a
sound and transmitting the sound via bone conduction to his brain.

Now we have many examples of people, who have
1. LUKE Arm (named after Luke Sywalker), which is a highly advanced
prosthetic that lends the wearer a sense of touch.
2. Artificial Vision
3. Mind-controlled bionic leg
4.  Sophisticated prosthetic hands by Prosthetics company bebionic.

How it works:

Cyborg technology involves integrating electronic components, such as sensors, implants,
or prosthetics, with the human body. These technological enhancements can provide
additional functionalities, restore lost abilities, or improve existing capabilities. The
interaction between the biological and artificial elements allows for seamless integration and communication, enabling individuals to extend their physical and cognitive capacities.

Its features:

1. Prosthetic Enhancements: Cyborgs can utilize prosthetic limbs or organs that mimic
and augment natural human abilities.
2. Neural Interfaces: Neural interfaces establish a direct connection between the human
brain and external devices, enabling control or communication through thought.
3. Sensory Augmentation: Cyborg technology can enhance human senses, such as vision
or hearing, allowing individuals to perceive the world in new ways.

Its Advantages:

1. Enhanced Abilities: Cyborg technology can provide individuals with improved physical
strength, sensory perception, and cognitive capabilities, opening new possibilities for
human achievement.

2. Restorative Solutions: Cyborg enhancements can restore lost or impaired functions,
improving the quality of life for individuals with disabilities or injuries.
3. Adaptation to Technological World: As society becomes increasingly interconnected and
technology-dependent, cyborgs offer a means for humans to better integrate and interact
with their environment.

Technologies related to Cyborgs:

1. Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI can complement cyborg technology by providing
intelligent assistance, learning capabilities, and adaptive responses to optimize the human-
machine interface.
2. Robotics: Robotics intersects with cyborg technology, enabling the development of
advanced humanoid robots and enhancing the physical capabilities of cyborgs.

Examples of Cyborgs:

1. Prosthetic Limbs: Similar to how prosthetic limbs allow amputees to regain mobility
and dexterity, cyborg technology can provide individuals with enhanced motor
functions and improved quality of life.
2. Neural Implants for Disabilities: Cyborg technology can assist individuals with
neurological conditions by integrating neural implants to restore sensory perception,
control movements or communicate.
3. Cognitive Enhancements: In fields where rapid decision-making and information
processing is critical, cyborg technology can augment cognitive abilities, enhancing
memory, focus, and problem-solving skills.

Companies Using Cyborgs:

1. Neuralink: Neuralink, founded by Elon Musk, aims to develop brain-machine interfaces
to enable direct communication between the brain and external devices, opening
possibilities for cyborg-like enhancements.
2. Open Bionics: Open Bionics focuses on creating affordable and customizable bionic
limbs that provide functional and aesthetic enhancements.

3. Second Sight Medical Products: Second Sight develops visual prosthetic devices,
including the Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System, which restores partial vision for
individuals with retinal degenerative diseases.

Industries using Cyborgs:

1. Healthcare and Rehabilitation: Cyborg technology finds applications in medical fields,
including prosthetics, neural implants, and assistive devices for rehabilitation and
improved patient outcomes.
2. Defense and Military: Military organizations explore cyborg technology for enhancing
soldier’s capabilities, such as advanced sensory perception or data integration.
3. Sports and Athletics: Cyborg technology can be utilized in sports to enhance
performance, monitor biometrics, and assist in injury recovery.

Industries such as space exploration, entertainment, transportation, and education could
potentially benefit from cyborg technology by enabling human-machine integration,
improving safety and enhancing human capabilities.

What Cyborgs doesn’t contain:

Cyborgs do not involve complete replacement of human biology with artificial components.
Instead, they focus on enhancing existing human capabilities through technological integration.

When you should NOT use Cyborgs:

The use of cyborg technology may not be suitable for everyone, particularly if the
integration poses significant health risks, compromises individual identity, or infringes
upon personal autonomy and privacy. Ethical considerations and informed consent should be taken into account.

How Cyborgs processing will evolve in the future :

As technology continues to advance, cyborg technology is expected to evolve, offering
more seamless integration, sophisticated neural interfaces, and enhanced cognitive and physical capabilities.
The future may see the emergence of cyborgs in space exploration, deep-sea
exploration, and advanced human-machine collaborations.

Conclusion:

Cyborg technology represents a fascinating frontier where the boundaries between humans and machines merge, unlocking new possibilities for human potential and advancement.

While ethical considerations and responsible implementation are crucial, the integration of technology with the human body holds the potential to revolutionize healthcare, redefine human abilities, and shape the future of our interconnected world.

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