Raktim Singh

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What is ESG in Banking

What is ESG in Banking


Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria are gaining traction as instrumental factors in investment decisions, signaling a shift in the finance sector’s perspective from purely profit-driven to one that factors in the broader societal and environmental impacts.

With the surging awareness around climate change, social equity, and corporate responsibility, the financial sector stands uniquely positioned to drive meaningful change in the ESG landscape.

Let’s delve into a comprehensive, data-driven exploration of this transformative journey.

  1. Environment: Channeling Investments Towards Sustainable Initiatives

 In 2020, the global green bond issuance reached a staggering $269.5 billion, according to the Climate Bonds Initiative. By backing projects that deliver environmental benefits, financial institutions can aid sectors ranging from renewable energy to sustainable agriculture.

Carbon Credits: The Research and Markets valued the carbon credit market was at approximately US$978.56 billion in 2022.

The market is expected to reach US$2.68 trillion by 2028. at a CAGR of 18.23% during the forecast period of 2023-2028. Financial institutions can propel this by offering instruments that enable businesses to offset their emissions, thereby promoting a more carbon-neutral economy.

  1. Social: Fostering Socially Responsible Investments

Social Bonds: The International Capital Market Association (ICMA) noted that the issuance of social bonds surged in 2020, reaching about $85 billion. Such instruments directly fund projects that yield clear societal benefits, from healthcare to education.

Microfinance: The World Bank data indicates that 1.7 billion adults remain unbanked globally. By supporting microfinance institutions, the finance sector can ensure access to capital for marginalized communities, fostering entrepreneurship and elevating living standards.

  1. Governance: Incentivizing Ethical Corporate Behavior

Transparent Reporting: As per a survey by the Governance & Accountability Institute, Nearly 100% of S&P 500 companies had sustainability reports in 2022. Financial institutions can play a role by prioritizing investments in companies that adhere to transparent ESG reporting, thereby holding them accountable.

Executive Compensation: A study by Equilar highlighted that around 50% of Fortune 100 companies now tie executive compensation to ESG metrics. Financial institutions can influence this trend by backing firms that link leadership remuneration to ESG performance.

Enhancing Due Diligence for Holistic Risk Assessment

Environmental risks, like those stemming from climate change, can impact asset values. The cost of climate change to investment portfolios could range between $4.2 trillion and $13.8 trillion over the next 30 years, as estimated by the Economist Intelligence Unit. By fortifying due diligence processes with ESG criteria, the finance sector can better identify, assess, and mitigate such risks.

Leveraging Financial Technologies for ESG Goals

Digital platforms and fintech innovations are emerging as tools to democratize ESG investments. Robo-advisors with ESG-focused offerings, for instance, have seen a surge in popularity.

Betterment, a leading robo-advisory platform, noted that its socially responsible portfolios experienced 30% higher sign-ups compared to their traditional counterparts.

Challenges in ESG Integration and the Path Ahead

The integration of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors into the financial realm presents an innovative approach to responsible investment and corporate governance.

The idea is to ensure that financial operations and investments are not just profitable, but also sustainable, ethical, and socially responsible. However, while the horizons of ESG are vast and brimming with promise, the path towards seamless integration presents its own set of challenges:

  1. Data Inconsistency and Ambiguity:

One of the most significant roadblocks is the lack of a consistent and universally accepted framework for ESG reporting.

Different organizations and institutions often adopt varied metrics, leading to data discrepancies and a landscape rife with ambiguity. Without a standard, comparing ESG performances between entities becomes an uphill task.

This is where global initiatives, such as the Global Reporting Initiative, step in. By striving to formulate a universally accepted set of standards and metrics, these initiatives aim to harmonize ESG data and provide stakeholders with clear, comparable insights.

  1. The Struggle Between Short-termism and Long-term Goals:

The financial world, for the most part, has been fixated on short-term gains, often emphasizing quarterly results.

This inherent short-termism can be at odds with the long-term, sustainable objectives that ESG promotes. The dilemma arises when immediate profitability might be achieved at the expense of long-term sustainability.

However, a silver lining emerges from research. A study by McKinsey underscored a compelling trend: firms that shifted their gaze to long-term sustainability and responsibility not only fostered a better environment but also witnessed improved earnings, revenue growth, and more substantial investment returns.

This trend showcases that the dual objectives of profitability and responsibility don’t have to be mutually exclusive.

  1. Bridging the Skill Gap:

As ESG becomes more pivotal in the financial landscape, the demand for professionals equipped with the expertise to understand, analyze, and integrate these factors rises. However, the current skill pool seems inadequate.

A telling survey by the CFA Institute encapsulated this gap. While a majority of its members, around 85%, recognized the importance of ESG factors and incorporated them into their investment strategies, a mere 25% felt they had the requisite skills to do so effectively.

This disparity underlines the urgent need for dedicated ESG-centric education and training modules. By equipping professionals with the right tools and knowledge, the finance sector can usher in a more informed and effective ESG integration.

The Road Ahead:

As the financial sector grapples with these challenges, collaboration, education, and innovation will be the cornerstones of progress.

By fostering partnerships, adopting universal reporting standards, and placing a renewed emphasis on training, the industry can navigate the complexities of ESG integration.

The goal is clear: a financial landscape where profitability coexists with sustainability, ethics, and social responsibility. The journey might be intricate, but the destination is worth every effort.

The financial sector can play a pivotal role in driving forward the ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) agenda. Let’s delve into some illustrative examples that showcase how this sector is uniquely positioned to instigate and support meaningful change.

Examples of ESG in Banking

  1. Green Bonds & Sustainable Finance:

In 2007, the European Investment Bank issued the world’s first green bond, earmarking funds specifically for climate and environmentally friendly projects. Since then, the global green bond market has grown exponentially, with annual issuances now in the hundreds of billions of dollars.

  1. Impact Investing:

Goldman Sachs acquired Imprint Capital Advisors in 2015, demonstrating its commitment to impact investing. This move allowed the firm to invest in projects and companies that generate a measurable, beneficial social or environmental impact alongside a financial return.

  1. ESG Integration in Asset Management:

 BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, announced in 2020 its intensified focus on sustainability. Their CEO, Larry Fink, mentioned that they would be placing sustainability at the center of their investment approach, signaling a significant shift for institutional investors.

  1. Shareholder Activism for Environmental Causes:

 Shareholders, led by hedge fund Engine No. 1, achieved a significant win at ExxonMobil’s 2021 annual shareholder meeting by securing at least two board seats. Their aim was to steer the company towards a more sustainable and climate-friendly business model.

  1. Sustainable Banking and Loans:

 HSBC launched its Green Loan Principles, guiding the facilitation and recognition of genuine green loans which are used to fund projects with clear environmental benefits.

  1. ESG-centric Financial Products:

 Morgan Stanley introduced the Parity Portfolio in collaboration with the National Equity Fund. This investment product focuses on supporting affordable rental housing while targeting market-rate returns.

  1. Integrating ESG into Credit Ratings:

 S&P Global Ratings has started to integrate ESG into its credit ratings, thereby recognizing that ESG factors can have a material impact on a company’s financial health and future prospects.

  1. Encouraging Corporate Responsibility Through Investment Decisions:

 Norwegian Sovereign Wealth Fund divested from companies involved in coal-based activities, sending a strong message about the financial risks and ethical concerns associated with non-renewable energy sources.

  1. ESG Training and Education:

 The CFA Institute has started offering more materials and trainings on ESG to equip financial professionals with the knowledge and tools to incorporate ESG considerations into their investment analyses and decisions.

  1. ESG Reporting & Transparency:

 The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) and Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) have become crucial players in the ESG landscape.

Financial institutions, like JPMorgan Chase, have embraced their frameworks to report on their sustainability performance, enabling investors to make more informed decisions.

Through these examples, it’s evident that the financial sector isn’t just a bystander in the ESG journey. It’s an influential player that can either accelerate or impede the global transition to more sustainable and equitable practices. Given its clout, the sector’s push towards ESG can indeed drive transformative change across industries and societies.


The financial sector’s involvement in ESG isn’t just a trend; it’s fast becoming a staple of responsible and forward-thinking financial management.

By channeling funds towards sustainable projects, promoting socially responsible investments, and incentivizing ethical corporate behavior, financial institutions are poised to play a pivotal role in shaping a future that’s not just profitable, but also sustainable and equitable.

The challenges, though tangible, are surmountable, especially with concerted efforts towards standardized reporting, long-term planning, and skill enhancement. In the grand tapestry of ESG, the finance sector emerges not just as a participant but as a key weaver of change.



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